Definition of Black Magic or Sihr
Magic is an old human practice. It is sometimes defined as deception by showing something to an audience, which is contrary to reality. In Islam this is part of magic, which is, however, defined as seeking the help of demons to perform something harmful against somebody.
Sihr is so called because 'its means are hidden or secret', and because the practitioners of sihr deal with things in secret. This enables them to perform illusions to confuse the people and deceive their eyes. The aim of this is to cause them harm or steal their money, etc. It is done in such a discreet manner that in most cases the victims are totally unaware of it!
Hence the last part of the night is called sahar, because at the end of the night people are unaware and they do not move about much. And the lungs are also called sahr, because they are hidden inside the body.
Ruling of Black Magic or Sihr
Sihr is a serious crime and is one of the kinds of kufr. It is one of things with which people have been tested with, among the nations of the past, during the Jaahiliyyah and in this ummah. The more ignorance increases, the less the knowledge and awareness of faith.
The less attention the authorities pay to this matter – the more the practitioners of sihr and trickery increase and spread in the land, to take the people's wealth and confuse them and do other things. Islam condemns magic. Also horoscope, fortune telling or reading one's palm is prohibited in Islam. This is based on the belief that no one knows the future or the unseen except God almighty.
It is so very serious that Umar had ordered all magicians to be executed in his era.
Therefore the Quran asserts that even Muhammad does not know the unseen.
قُو َىبٓ َأٍِۡيلُ ىَِْفۡ ِغٚ َّ ۡف ً۬عب ََٗىب َضشًا إَِىب ٍَب َشٓبءَ ٗىَئُۚ َٗىَ ۡ٘ مُْذَُأعۡيٌَُٗۡىغَۡيتََى٘ ۡعزَڪَۡثشۡدٍَُِِٗۡىَخۡيشِ ٍََٗبٍَغََِْٚ ٗىغُ٘ٓءُۚ إُِۡ أََّب۬ إَِىب َّ ِزيشٌ۬ َٗثَ ِشيشٌ۬ ىِقَ٘ۡ ًٍ۬ يُ ۡؤ ٍَُُِْ٘
"If I had the knowledge of the unseen, I should have secured abundance for myself, and no evil would have touched me" (7:188).
Devils committed kufr by teaching men magic.
َٗ ٍَبٓ ُأّضِهَ عََيٚ ٗ ۡى ََيڪَيۡ ِ ثِجَبثِوَ َٕ ٖـشُٗ َد َٗ ٍَـٖشُٗ َدۚ ٍََٗب ُيعَِي َبُِ ٍِِۡ أَحَذٍ حَزَ ٖٚ َيقَُ٘ىبٓ إَِّ َب َّ ۡحُِ فِ ۡزَْخٌ۬ فََيب َرنُۡفشۡۖ
"and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Haaroot and Maaroot, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, 'We are for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us)."[al-Baqarah ]2:102
A Muslim's Aqiyda regarding sihr
Magic and any harm that results from it is subject to the prior decree and will of Allah, for our Lord cannot be overwhelmed and nothing can happen in His Dominion against His Will. Nothing happens in this world or in the hereafter except by His prior decree and His great wisdom, as He wills. So some people may be tested by sihr, and others may be tested by sickness, or by being killed...etc. Allah is All- Wise in all that He wills and decrees, and in all that He prescribes for His slaves. Hence Allah says:
ٍََٗب ٌُٕ ثِ َضٓبسِيَِ ِثِٔۦ ٍِِۡ أَحَذٍ إَِىب ِثئِرُِۡ ٗىيَ ِۚٔ
"but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah's Leave" [al-Baqarah 2:102]
From this ayah we understand that Magic occurs by His universal (kawni) will and decree and not by His legislative (shar'i) will [i.e., He wills that it should happen but He does not enjoin it and He is not pleased by such actions]. For sharee'ah does not allow such things, indeed it forbids them, but by His universal leave He already knows and has already decreed that so and so will do sihr, and that so and so will be affected by it. Just like He already knows and has already decreed that so and so will be killed, or afflicted with a certain sickness, or will die in a certain land, and will receive such and such provision, or will be rich or poor. All of that happens by the will and decree of Allah, as He says:
إَِّب مُوَ َشٚۡءٍ خَيَقَْۡ ٖـُٔ ثِقََذسٍ۬ (٤٧)
'Verily, We have created all things with Qadar' (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz)[al-Qamar 54:49]
ٍَبٓ أَ َصبةَ ٍِِ ٍُ ِصيَج ٍ۬خ فِٚ ٗىۡأَ ۡسضِ ََٗىب ِفٚٓ أَّفُ ِغ ُن ٌۡ ِإَىب ِفٚ ڪِزَ ٖـ ٍ۬ت ٍِِ َق ۡجوِ أَُ َّ ۡجشََأ َٕٓبۚ إَُِ َرِٙىلَ َعَيٚ ٗىَي ِٔ يَغِي ٌش۬ (٢٢)
"No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz) before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah" [al-Hadeed 57:22]
The evils that come at the hands of the magicians or others do not happen because our Lord is ignorant, for He knows all things and nothing at all is hidden from Him, as He says:
إَُِ ٗىَئَ ِثنُوِ َشٚۡءٍ عَِييٌُۢ (٥٥)
"Verily, Allah is the All-Knower of everything"[al-
ىَِزعَۡيَُ٘ٓاْ أََُ ٗىَئَ عَيَٖٚ مُوِ َش ۡٚءٍ۬ قَذِي ٌ۬ش َٗأََُ ٗىئََ قَ ۡذ أَحَبطَ ِثنُوِ َشٚۡءٍ ِعۡيََۢب(٢٢)
"that you may know that Allah has power over all things, and that Allâh surrounds all things in (His) Knowledge"[al-Talaaq 65:12]
So Allah knows all things, and nothing happens in His Dominion that He does not will, but He has perfect wisdom and good aims in whatever He decrees should happen to people of honor or humiliation, losing or gaining power, sickness or health, magic and other things.
Everything that happens to people happens by the will of Allah and in accordance with His prior decree.
Types of Black Magic
- Sihr(BLACK MAGIC) of Separation.
- Sihr(BLACK MAGIC) Al-Mahabba/At-Tiwala (Love)
- Sihr(BLACK MAGIC) At- Takhyil (False Appearance of Objects).
- Sihr(BLACK MAGIC) Al-Junun (Lunacy).
- Sihr(BLACK MAGIC) Al-Khumul (Lethargy).
- Sihr(BLACK MAGIC) Al-Hawatif (Bad Dreams and Hearing Voices).
- Sihr(BLACK MAGIC) Al-Maradh (Illness).
- Sihr(BLACK MAGIC) An-Nazif (Bleeding Following Menses).
- Sihr(BLACK MAGIC) of Impeding Marriage.
- Sihr that causes of Sterility.